Koggala Lake And Surrounding
Lesser Known Facts About the Popular Koggala Lagoon
Situated in the district of Galle, the Koggala Lagoon is a popular waterbody located in close proximity to the Koggala town. From Colombo, the lagoon is approachable from the south and comprises, eight very ecologically rich islands. The lagoon is a haven for nature lovers who are looking to discover endemic species as its undisturbed geography offers the perfect conditions for certain species. To discover more details about this ecological marvel in Sri Lanka read on for our short guide below.
Koggala Lagoon Specs
Spanning an area of more than 5km in length and 2 km in breadth, the lagoon is fed largely through rains and the water level ranges at about 3feet. The main freshwater feeder of the lagoon is the Koggala Oya where the water from this stream enters from the North –West side of the lagoon. Towards the southeast corner of the lagoon is the Pol –Oya outlet which is the only outlet to this lagoon. The outlet stretches across more than 900ft and connects to the ocean.
Koggala Lagoon – Supporting Livelihoods
The hydro catchment area of the lagoon spans more than 55 square kilometers and is a source of livelihood generation for the communities in the area. Paddy farming and fishing are popular, although conducted on a much smaller scale, these livelihoods are supported owing to the existence of this water body. The lagoon also supports the work of the Koggala Export Processing Zone, which is an industrial zone situated inside the catchment region.
The Ecological Diversity of Koggala Lagoon and Its Islands
The lagoon’s rich biodiversity and ecology are the essential features that are the real attraction for tourists visiting the area. Within the enclosure of the lagoon includes eight little islands just scattered around amongst the lush and dense mangrove swamps. The thick roots of the mangroves which are heavily set in the mud provide a breeding ground for a variety of species. This includes crabs, oysters, and even barnacles. The tightly meshed roots serve as small nurseries for various types of fish.
Of the eight islands that surround the lagoon, seven of them can be reached by boat. Of these islands, the most famous is the island called –‘Madol Doova’. The island shot to fame following a novel written by beloved Sri Lankan writer Martin Wickremesinghe. The author who himself grew up in Koggala captured childhood memories of adventures on the island through in his work.